Solving the World’s Toughest CFD Problems

Water and Environmental Bibliography

The FLOW-3D Bibliography contains an extensive collection of technical publications that contain FLOW-3D results. We have created this resource (thanks to all our users) to help both our customers and those interested in learning more about our software. Explore our topic-specific bibliography pages using the menu above.

Have you published a paper with FLOW-3D results that’s not listed here? Please let us know so that we can include a reference to your publication.

Featured Technical Paper

Biomimicry of natural reef hydrodynamics in an artificial spur and groove reef formation

Emilee Wissmach, Florida Institute of Technology, 2023.

This graduate thesis explored the efficacy of a biomimetic spur-and-groove (SAG) submerged breakwater design in wave attenuation and coastal protection. FLOW-3D HYDRO was used to analyze and optimize the novel module-based design for wave height reduction as well as material costs. Artificial SAG structures could potentially act as shoreline protection in high-energy environments while also helping to rebuild fragile coral reef ecosystems.

FLOW-3D HYDRO was made available through the FLOW-3D Academic Program.

"Coral reef populations have rapidly been declining in coastal waters worldwide. Losing these ecosystems results not only in a loss of habitat and biodiversity, but also a loss of wave attenuation and subsequent coastal protection. Ongoing projects seek to rehabilitate and/or replace destroyed reefs with artificial structures like reef balls and rip-rap, but none perform as well as a healthy, natural reef. This project created scale modules mimicking the reef-crest and spur-and-groove (SAG) zones commonly found in natural reefs and used these models to support new efforts in artificial reef design. [...] 3D renderings of the reef modules were created and imported into the CFD software package FLOW-3D HYDRO, which was used to calculate information on the fluid-structure interaction."

Figure 14 from Wissmach 2023. Simulation image shows wave breaking locations and z-velocity streamlines.
Excerpt and figure from Wissmach, 2023.

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