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Coastal Engineering

Coastal engineering is the study of the processes ongoing at the shoreline and construction within the coastal zone. The field involves aspects of near shore oceanography, marine geology, and civil engineering, often directed at combating erosion of coasts or providing navigational access.

Coastal protection can be a factor when designing wave energy devices. Learn more about harnessing wave energy and coastal protection using FLOW-3D.

Modeling Wave Propagation

Waves, generated primarily by the wind, propagate from the ocean to the shoreline across the continental shelves. These waves undergo many processes before they dissipate in the surf zone: refraction, diffraction, shoaling, and breaking. The energy and momentum associated with the waves arriving at the surf zone is used to create longshore and cross-shore currents that move the sand comprising beaches. This sand transport, if it carries more sand away from a site than towards it, results in beach erosion. Read more about FLOW-3D's wave generation modeling capabilities.

Related links:

Simulating the Interaction Between Waves and Breakwaters

New Wave Generators

Fifth-Order Stokes Wave

Three‐dimensional simulation of tsunami run‐up around conical island

Innovation numerical simulation to study the fluid motion within rubble mound breakwaters and the armour stability

Numerical modeling approach of an artificial mangrove root system submerged breakwater as wetland habitat protector

Experimental and numerical studies on wave transportation over artificial reefs

Navier-Stokes simulations of surface waves generated by submarine landslides: Effect of slide geometry and turbulence


Simulating Coastal Erosion

The processes of coastal erosion are very complex, involving three-dimensional flow fields created by the breaking waves, unsteady turbulent sediment transport in both the water column and on the bottom, and a moving shoreline. Research is being conducted worldwide to develop predictive models of this erosion process.

CFD simulation of a true Stokes wave
FLOW-3D simulates the introduction of a true Stokes wave at the boundary produces the correct wave profile as the wave breaks on the beach. Maintaining conformation to the correct wave provides engineers with force distributions and breaking distances to develop coastal structures.

Wave Damping

FLOW-3D's General Moving Object model can be used to evaluate the effectiveness of various designs for damping or altering wave frequency. The animation below depicts incoming waves interaction with a semi-buoyant device. The wave momentum is transferred into the device thus decreasing the outgoing wave amplitude.

A wave damping simulation with FLOW-3D. Courtesy of Narvik Institute of Technology.